Gingivectomy (gum trimming) refers to the surgical removal of gum (gingiva) tissue. Typically, gingivoplasty is a special procedure used to reshape healthy gum tissue to better support teeth. As you may be aware, periodontists specialize in treating gum disorders. Therefore, if you need this type of procedure, you will have to visit a periodontist.
Initialy, Gingivectomies were used to treat gum disease. Now it is usually used to make gums look more attractive. This includes reshaping gums that are malformed, as well as reducing gum mass in certain areas. In some cases, gingivectomy will also be combined with gum grafting to add gum tissue to areas that need it. As you may be aware, excess gum tissue can create pockets, or gaps between teeth. If food gets caught in these areas, it can lead to a buildup of bacteria. As you may be aware, it is often difficult to keep these areas clean.
Even if excess gum tissue is not interfering with the spaces between your teeth, it can still look very unattractive. In some cases, this extra tissue can make it harder to keep your mouth clean, as well as interfere with chewing and talking. Depending on your situation, excess gum growth may be caused by the usage of certain medications, as well as genetic factors and injuries. Or, there may be no apparent reason for excess gum growth.
Prior to surgery, our specialist will make sure that all plaque and tartar are removed from your teeth. This also includes the pockets around them. As may be expected, we will also give you instructions regarding how to keep your gums clean and healthy once the surgery is performed.
Before our periodontist starts the procedure, the surgical site will be made numb. Depending on your situation, the procedure may only take a few minutes, or may take longer than an hour. While many gingivectomies and gingivoplasties are done with scalpels, but with the latest technology, we use lasers or electrosurgery machines.
Once the gum tissue is removed or reshaped, the site will be covered with a periodontal dressing. This bandage will remain in place for a week to 10 days. As you may be aware, a periodontal dressing is soft and mold-able like clay. While the bandage is in place, you will need to stay on a soft, bland diet. You should also avoid crunchy foods as much as possible. In some cases, you may also need pain medicine and an antiseptic mouthwash.